Heimdall - God of Norse Mythology

Heimdall (old Norse Heimdallr) may just be one of the most popular gods in Norse mythology. He is certainly one of the strongest members of the Æsir (the gods of the principal pantheon). A son of Odin and said to have nine mothers. Heimdall is blessed with a multitude of powers including the gift of "foresight" or "second-sight" that allows him to see into the future, and overdeveloped senses (particularly hearing and sight.)

The meaning and etymology of the name Heimdall (pronounced "HAME-doll") are unknown, but there have been numerous attempts at deciphering it, one proposal is "the one who illuminates the world." Heimdall is attested as having three other names; Hallinskiði, Vindlér, and Gullintanni which means "the one with the golden teeth."

Accompanied by his worthy mount Gulltoppr (literally "Golden Mane") a shimmering golden-maned horse. Heimdall is often depicted as a figure holding his weapon, a sword with a man's face on it named Hǫfuð ("Head") and a horn (lur) named Gjallarhorn ("Resounding Horn" or "horn of the river Gjöll ",) Gjöll is the name of one of the rivers in the underworld. Gjallarhorn was given to Heimdall by Odin, so powerful that when blown its sound can reach all of the nine worlds, with which it could be used to warn the Norse gods of approaching enemies.

Heimdall is known for being a mighty warrior who is great and holy. He is the sentry to Asgard, warder of the gods, and resides in a place called Himinbjorg ("Sky Cliffs" or "Heaven's Castle") that is where the Bifröst meets the sky. From there he guards the Bifröst, a burning rainbow bridge that serves as the entrance to Asgard and a gateway between the nine worlds. Some describe him with the attribute "Watchman of the Gods" or "Guardian of the Gods."

During the onset of Ragnarok ("Fate of the Gods") the day when a great battle would be fought by the Norse gods and their enemies. Heimdall will blow the resounding horn Gjallarhorn for the gods to gather at the battlefield of Vigrior. Where Heimdall's fate is intertwined with Loki's as they are foretold to kill one another on the battlefield.



Name Gender Group God of
Baduhenna Goddess war and storms
Baldur (Baldr, Balder) identified with the Old English bealdor = 'lord' or 'prince' God Æsir beauty, love, purity, peace, righteousness
Beyla a younger form of Old Norse Baunila = 'little bean' Goddess earth
Bil Goddess Ásynjur waining moon
Borr (Bor, Bör, Bur, Burr) God Other
Bragi (Brage) connected with Old Norse Bragr = 'poetry' God Æsir knowledge, poetry, eloquence, and the patron of skalds
Buri (Búri, Bori, Bure) God Other gods
Byggvir Old Norse = 'barley' God
Dellingr (Delling) Old Norse = 'luminous' or 'shining one' God Æsir personification of dawn
Eir (Eil, Eira, Eyr, Eyra) Old Norse = 'protection' or 'help' Goddess Ásynjur healing
Eostre (Eastre, Ostara) Goddess spring, rebirth, and protectress of fertility
Forseti (Forsete) Old Norse = 'presiding one' God Æsir justice
Freyja (Freya, Freja, Frey'a, Gefion, Horn, Mardal, Mardoll, Menglad, Menglod, Moertholl, Sessrymner, Syr, Vanadis) Goddess Vanir fertility, love, beauty, magic, war, and death
Freyr (Frey, Fraig, Fro, Fricco, Ingun, Ingunnar-Frey, Ingvi-Frey, Sviagod, Yngri, Yngvi) God Vanir agriculture, prosperity, life and fertility
Frigg (Frigga, Frig, Fri, Frija, Frygga, Frea, Fria, Frige, and Holda) Old Norse = 'to love' Goddess Ásynjur love, marriage, fertility, family, civilization, and a prophetess
Fulla (Abundantia, Abundia, Habone, Vol, Vola, Volla) Goddess Ásynjur
Gefjon (Gefjun, Gefion) Old Norse = 'the giving one' Goddess knowledge
Gersemi (Gersimi, Gerseme) Old Norse = 'gem' Goddess Ásynjur love
Gerda (Gerd, Gerdhr, Gerðr) Goddess Vanir
Gna (Gná, Gnaa) Goddess Ásynjur
Gullveig (Gollveig, Gulveig, Golveig-Heid, Gulveig-Hoder, Angerboda, Angerbohda, Aurboda, East Wind Hag, Heid, Heidr, Ljod, Midgard, Orboda, The Volva) Goddess Vanir
Henir (Hoeni, Hœnir, Hone, Honer, Honir) God Æsir
Hariasa Goddess war
Heimdall (Heimdal, Heimdallr, Heimdalr, Heimdali) God Æsir guardian
Hel (Heimdal, Heimdallr, Heimdalr, Heimdali) Goddess the dead
Hermod (Hermóðr, Heremod) Old Norse = 'war spirit' God Æsir messenger of the gods
Hlin (Hlín, Hlina) Old Norse = 'protectress' Goddess Ásynjur
Hodr (Höðr, Hod, Hothenus, Hodar, Hoder, Hodhr, Hodir, Hodur) Goddess Æsir
Idun (Iðunn, Iduna, Idunn, Idunna, Ithun, Ydun) Goddess Ásynjur spring and rejuvenation
Irpa Old Norse = 'brown' Goddess Other earth
Lofn Old Norse = 'the comforter' Goddess Ásynjur love
Lodurr (Lóðurr, Lodur, Lóður, Lódurr, Lódur, Lóthurr, Lóthur, Lódhurr, Lódhur, Lodur, Lothurr, Lothur, Lodhurr, Loðurr, Loður, Lodhur) God Æsir life
Loki (Fjalar, Loder, Lodur, Loke, Lokkju, Lopter, Lopti, Sagloki, Suttung, Thok, Utgard-Loki) God Æsir fire, magic, shape-shifting, trickster, chaos
Mani (Máni, Mane) God Æsir personification of the moon
Mimir (Mim, Mímir, Mimar, Mime, Mimer-Nidhad, Baugreginn Jotunn, Hodd-Dropnir, Hodd-Mimer, Hoddrofnir, Naddgofugr) Goddess Other wisdom
Meili Old Norse = 'the lovely one' God Æsir
Nanna Old Norse name deriving from Ancient Germanic nanþi = 'daring' Goddess Ásynjur
Nerthus (Nertous) Goddess Vanir lakes and springs
Njord (Njörðr, Njörd, Niördr Niord, Njorth, Nordur) God Vanir the sea, the wind, fertility, patron saint of fishermen and sailors
Njorun (Njörun, Niorun) Goddess Ásynjur
Odin (Alfdaur, Alfadir, Bileygr, Glapsuidir, Othinn, Wodan, Wotan, Othin, Othinn, Othinus, Ouvin, Votan, Wode, Wodemus, Wodhen, Woden, Wodin, Wotam, Woutan, Wuotan) Goddess Æsir wisdom, war, magic, poetry, prophecy, victory and death
Odr (Óðr, Od) Goddess Vanir
Ran Old Norse Rán = 'theft' Goddess Ásynjur the sea and death
Saga Old Norse Sága = 'seeing one' Goddess Ásynjur wisdom and treasure
Sandraudiga Goddess
Sif Old Norse = 'wife' Goddess Ásynjur harvest and land
Sigyn (Siguna) Goddess Ásynjur earth
Sinthgunt Goddess
Sjofn (Sjöfn, Sjofn) Goddess Ásynjur relationships, love, and marriage
Skadi Old Norse Skaði = 'death' Goddess Vanir hunting and winter
Snotra Old Norse = 'clever' Goddess Ásynjur wisdom
Sol (Sól, Sunna) Goddess personification of the sun
Syn Old Norse = 'refusal' Goddess Ásynjur defense and truth
Thor (þórr, þunor, Thunaer, Donar, Thur, Tor, Tror) God Æsir strength, protection, war, storms, thunder and lightning
Thrud (þrúðr, Thrúd, þrúðr) Goddess
Thorgeror Holgabruor (þorgerðr Hölgabrüðr) Goddess Other
Tyr (Týr, Tiw, Tig, Ziu, Teu, Thingsus, Tiwaz, Ty, Tyw, Zio, Ziv, Ziw) God Æsir war, justice in battle, victory and heroic glory
Ullr (Auler, Holler, Oller, Ollerus, Uller, Ullerus, Ullr, Wuldor) Goddess Æsir justice and winter
Vali Old Norse Váli = 'the slain' Goddess Æsir vengeance
Var (Vár, Vara, Vór) Goddess Ásynjur
Ve (Vé) God Æsir earth
Vili God Æsir earth
Vor Old Norse Vör = 'the careful one' Goddess Ásynjur wisdom
Zisa (Cisa) Goddess harvest